Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining
Approximately 15 million people in more than 70 countries earn their livelihoods through artisanal and small-scale (ASM) gold mining. While the sector is an essential source of wealth in the informal economy, most ASM activities are unregulated and may be undertaken without adequate regard for the health and safety of the miners or for the environment
In consultation with government agencies and local authorities, public safety bodies, neighbouring communities and the informal miners themselves, a strategy was developed to:
- Identify and confirm ASM mining activities on FDN and related concessions;
- Develop mechanisms to legalize artisanal and small-scale miners with a long-standing presence in the region; and
- Initiate training programs focused on legal and institutional frameworks, and health, safety and environmental considerations.
The strategy has been successful in engaging multiple stakeholders to help address ASM mining issues, provide training and support for safer processes, and allow continued concession development.
To date, more than a dozen artisanal mining operations have been formalized, two concessions have been granted to small-scale mining operations, and a health and safety training program has been developed.